GK Update & Current Affairs: 2nd And 3rd October 2018
1. United Nations Chief Antonio Guterres Arrives India On 4-Day Visit
- United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has arrived in New Delhi on a four-day visit to India. He will participate in the Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention at the Rashtrapati Bhawan Cultural Centre, in New Delhi.
- The event marked the launch of Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th Birth Anniversary celebrations as well as the 4th anniversary of the Swachh Bharat Mission.
- The UN Chief will also attend the joint inaugural ceremony of the First Assembly of International Solar Alliance, 2nd RE-INVEST Conference and Energy Ministers Meet of Indian Ocean Rim Association of States member countries.
2. BCCI Brought Under RTI Act by Central Information Commission
- The Central Information Commission (CIC) brought the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) under the RTI (Right to Information) Act.
- The commission, which is the top appellate body in RTI matters, went through the laws and orders of the Supreme Court, the Law Commission of India report, submissions of the Central Public Information Officer in the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports to come to a conclusion that the characteristics of the BCCI fulfil the required conditions of Section 2(h) of the RTI Act.
3. Rangachari Sridharan Appointed Chairperson of NFRA
- The Centre has appointed former IAS officer Rangachari Sridharan as chairperson of the National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA), an entity which will function as an independent regulator for the auditing profession.
- The appointments committee of the cabinet also approved the appointment of retired Indian Audit and Accounts Service officer of the 1980 batch, Prasenjit Mukherjee as a full-time member in NFRA.
4. India-born Professor Gita Gopinath Named IMF Chief Economist
- India-born Harvard University professor Gita Gopinath has been appointed as the Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) by IMF’s Managing Director Christine Lagarde.
- Ms Gopinath will succeed Maurice (Maury) Obstfeld. Ms Gopinath currently serves as the John Zwaanstra Professor of International Studies and Economics at Harvard University. The 46-year-old is also Economic Adviser to Kerala CM.
5. Multi-National Maritime Exercise ‘IBSAMAR-VI’ Starts In South Africa
- The sixth edition of IBSAMAR, a joint Multi-National Maritime Exercise between the Indian, Brazilian and South African Navies, is being held at Simons Town, South Africa.
- The last edition of IBSAMAR (IBSAMAR V) was conducted off Goa, from 19 – 26 Feb 16. The aim of the exercise is to undertake collective training for participating navies, building interoperability and mutual understanding as well as sharing of best practices.
6. Nobel Prize 2018: Nobel Prize in Physics Goes To Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou And Donna Strickland
- The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to Award the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics to Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland “for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics”.
7. PM Inaugurates 1st Assembly of International Solar Alliance
- The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, inaugurated the first Assembly of the International Solar Alliance in New Delhi.
- The same event also marked the inauguration of the second IORA Renewable Energy Ministerial Meeting, and the 2nd Global RE-Invest (Renewable Energy Investors’ Meet and Expo). The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, was present on the occasion.
8. Odisha Government Launches Own Food Security Scheme
- Odisha government launched the State’s own food security scheme to cover the poor people. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik launched the scheme via video conferencing at the State Secretariat in Bhubaneswar.
- As per the provisions of the scheme, 25 lakh poor people left out from the benefits of the National Food Security Act, will get rice of 5 kg per month for one rupee. The government will spend Rs 442 crore per year for implementation of the scheme.
9. India And ADB Sign $240 Million Loan For Safe Drinking Water Service For West Bengal
- The government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed $240 million loan for providing safe and sustainable drinking water to about 1.65 million people in three districts of the state of West Bengal affected by arsenic, fluoride, and salinity.
- The signatories to the West Bengal Drinking Water Sector Improvement Project were Sameer Kumar Khare, Additional Secretary (Fund Bank and ADB), Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance; and Kenichi Yokoyama, Country Director of ADB’s India Resident Mission.
10. Justice Ranjan Gogoi Sworn-in As 46th Chief Justice of India
- Justice Ranjan Gogoi has sworn-in as new Chief Justice of India. President Ram Nath Kovind administered him the oath of office at a function in Rashtrapati Bhawan.
- He is succeeding Justice Dipak Misra who retired as Chief Justice of India recently. Justice Gogoi is the 46th Chief Justice of India. He will have a tenure of a little over 13 months and will retire on November 17, 2019.
11. Barham Salih Elected As The New President of Iraq
- Iraq’s Parliament has elected a veteran Kurdish Politician Barham Salih as the country’s new President. He has named Shiite Adel Abdul Mahdi as Prime Minister of the country. The move will pave the way to form a new government, nearly five months after national elections.
- Patriotic Union of Kurdistan leader Salih won 220 votes out of the 273 lawmakers. He was among 20 candidates for the post, including one from the rival Kurdistan Democratic Party.
12. SBI Reduces ATM Withdrawal Limit
- State Bank of India has slashed the daily withdrawal limit on its classic debit card from Rs 40,000 to Rs 20,000. There is no change in the daily withdrawal limits on other cards. The new limit will be effective from October 31st 2018.
- The bank has been receiving many complaints regarding cloning and the decision is taken to reduce the withdrawal limit on these cards to check fraudulent transactions.
13. SIDBI Launched National Level Entrepreneurship Awareness Campaign ‘Udyam Abhilasha’
- On the occasion of Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), had launched a National Level Entrepreneurship Awareness Campaign, Udyam Abhilasha in 115 Aspirational Districts identified by NITI Aayog in 28 States and reaching to around 15,000 youth.
- SIDBI will join to contribute to “the transformation mission” unleashed for these districts.
14. Paytm Tops UPI Payments With Over 33% Market Share
- Alibaba and SoftBank-backed Paytm registered over 137 million UPI transactions in September, becoming the leading contributor to Unified Payments Interface (UPI) payments with over 33% of the overall market share.
- One97 Communications Limited, that owns the brand Paytm, is enabling BHIM UPI for offline payments and over five million offline merchants, out of its 9.5 million merchant-base, now accept Paytm UPI.
15. Nobel Prize 2018: Nobel Prize in Chemistry Goes To Frances H. Arnold, George P. Smith and Gregory P. Winter
- The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 with one half to Frances H. Arnold (USA)”for the directed evolution of enzymes” and the other half jointly to George P. Smith (USA) and Sir Gregory P. Winter (UK) “for the phage display of peptides and antibodies”.
16. PM Modi And French President Received UNEP Champions Of The Earth Award
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi was honoured with United Nations’ highest environmental award- UNEP Champions of the Earth, along with French President Emmanuel Macron in New Delhi.
- The award was presented by UN SecrSecretary-Generalonio Guterres. The award was announced on the sidelines of 73rd UN General Assembly in New York. P
17. Manu Bhaker Named India’s Flag-Bearer At Youth Olympic Games
- Teenage shooting star Manu Bhaker was named as the flag-bearer of the Indian contingent for the 3rd Youth Olympic Games to be held in Buenos Aires, Argentina from October 6-18.
- Goa Olympic Association Secretary Gurudutta D Bhakta will be the Chef-de-Mission of the contingent. announced that the 16-year-old Bhaker will lead the Indian team in the opening ceremony.
18. Australia’s Mile Jedinak and Russia’s Igor Akinfeev Retires From International Football
- Australian midfielder Mile Jedinak announced his retirement from international football, bringing the curtain down on a 79-cap career which included leading the Socceroos at two World Cups.
- Russia goalkeeper Igor Akinfeev has also retired from international soccer after leading the national side as captain to this year’s World Cup quarter-finals on home soil. The 32-year-old earned 112 caps for his country since his debut in 2004 as an 18-year-old, according to the Russian Football Union.